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مقاله اختلالات دماغی به زبان انگلیسی - همه چیز آماده دانلود
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مقاله اختلالات دماغی به زبان انگلیسی

مقاله اختلالات دماغی به زبان انگلیسی

 

مقاله اختلالات دماغی به زبان انگلیسی

Cerebral Palsy

چکیده:

Cerebral palsy (CP) is defined as a nonprogressive disorder of posture and movement, often associated with epilepsy and abnormalities of speech, vision, and intellect resulting from a defect or lesion of the developing brain. CP is a common disorder, with an estimated prevalence of 2/1,000 population. EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ETIOLOGY. The reported the prevalence rate of CP is 4/1,000 live births. Birth asphyxia was an uncommon cause of CP; moreover, most high-risk pregnancies resulted in neurologically normal children. Although a cause for CP could not be identified in most cases, a substantial number of children with CP had congenital anomalies external to the central nervous system (CNS), which may have placed them at increased risk for developing asphyxia during the perinatal period. An Australian study comparing children with spastic CP with a group of matched controls had similar findings. Less than 10% of children with CP had evidence of intrapartum asphyxia. Although the increased survival of premature infants from improved perinatal care has resulted in more children with CP, the rate did not increase. These studies suggest that future developments aimed at enhancing perinatal care will have minimal impact on the incidence of CP and that research might be directed more profitably to the field of developmental biology in order to understand the pathogenesis of CP.

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برچسب‌ها: مقاله
نویسنده : محمّد کشتکار ذوالقدر
تاریخ : دوشنبه 92/8/27
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